photo of landfill
E-GK 10-5 xtra: Oral exam, Vocabulary

2. wordpower: environment

Now, we are discussing about our environment, about pollution and about climate change. Let’s try to get some helpful vocabulary structured:

Topicfacts
problems to be seen
– destruction / change of Nature
melting of the polar ice:

weather conditions:
– hot and dry summers
– rising temparatures
– bush fires
– huge areas of destroyed forests
– dead animals
– loss of animal habitats
– droughts will cause bad harvests
– storms
– very cold winters

pollution of air:
– CO2-emissions
– smog
– air pollution
– too much traffic

pollution of water:

deforestation of the rainforest:
– fire clearance of the rainforest

consequencesloss of animal habitats:
– some animal species will get extinct

loss of quality of life:
– spread of diseases

natural disasters:
– sea level rises, floods
reasonsnatural reasaons:


human influences:
– use of traditional energy: nuclear, oil, gas, coal
alternatives – what can be done?awareness:
– education
– campeigns

alternative behaviour:
– use green / renewable energies: solar, water, wind
– use less plastic
– eat less meat and dairy products
– save ressources
– fly less
– use bike or public transport instead of cars, trains, planes etc.
– don’t use your car so often

politics:
exercise 1: Copy the vocabulary above.
exercise 2: Do this worksheet (2 pages): https://en.islcollective.com/english-esl-worksheets/vocabulary/environment/environment-vocabulary-practice/80587 

https://www.englisch-hilfen.de/words/umwelt.htm

crop unrecognizable person taking photo of night city on smartphone
writing - text production, E-GK 10-5 xtra: Oral exam, Vocabulary

1. wordpower: describing pictures

1) general description

Wh-Questions: What, When, Where, Who, (How)?

  • It’s a photo / a picture / a painting / a drawing
  • It is colored / black and white
  • In the picture I can see…
  • The picture shows…
  • The title of this picture is
  • There is…/
  • There are…
  • It is in/at
  • I see…
  • This photo was taken by/in…

2) detailed description

Talk about the different areas of the pictures as detailed as possible, but only name the important bits.

  • In the upper left-hand corner there are
  • At the top there is
  • In the upper right-hand corner there is
  • On the left …
  • On the right …
  • In the middle …
  • In the bottom left-hand corner …
  • In the bottom right hand corner …
  • At the bottom …
  • In the foreground …
  • In the background …
  • Out of focus …
  • In focus …

3) What are the people doing?

What are the people wearing? What are they doing? Use the Simple Progressive-Form.

  • She is wearing…
  • They are wearing…
  • The person looks happy/sad/young/old…
  • The is eating…
  • The person is thinking about…

4) What’s your opinion about the picture?

  • I don’t like the picture because
  • I like picture because…

vocabulary

https://www.englisch-hilfen.de/words/bildbeschreibung.htm

Working in group. Enthusiastic young people sitting in circle and holding their devices while having an exciting group discussion at the lesson
writing - text production, talking - conversation, E-GK 10-5 xtra: Oral exam, Vocabulary

4. wordpower: comment on the cartoon

When you have described the cartoon it’s time to comment on it. Perhaps a discussion will start. Three tips for your comment:

  1. Give your personal opinion of the cartoon and explain it
  2. Do you think it is easy to understand the cartoon?
  3. Do you agree with the cartoonist’s opinion?

Remember your cartoon that you worked on (see 3. wordpower: analyzing cartoons).

exercise: Now comment on your cartoon. Use the 3 steps and the vocabulary aids below.
In ein Thema einführenNow, we are talking about…/discussing….
It’s all about….
This leads us to the question: ….
die eigene MeinungAs far as I’m concerned…
I think…/ I don’t think…
In my opinion…
As far as I know…
My honest opinion is…
I believe that…/ I don’t believe that
I’ve never come across the idea that…
I’m convinced that…
The way I see it…
It seems to me that…
zustimmenI agree with…
I totally/fully/partly agree with….
Exactly.
That’s an important point
Protestieren, dagegen seinI don’t agree with…
I wouldn’t say that…
I don’t think so….
That can’t be right…
I Don’t agree at all…
however…
It’s hard to say…
I’m sorry, but…
Can/May I add something?
Sorry to interrupt you, but…
Abwägen, sich auf Argumente beziehenI must admit that….
You’re right up to a point…
You could be right….
One the one hand it’s true that… but you shouldn’t forget that…
I can understand that… but….
One the one hand… on the other hand….
That’s a matter of opinion.
Beweise finden / behauptenAs a matter of fact….
That’s why…
Opinion among experts is that….
Everybody knows that…
NachfragenWhat do you think?
What’s your opinion about…?
Would you like to say something?
What do you mean?
What are your ideas?
What are you trying to say?

https://www.englisch-hilfen.de/words/diskussionen.htm